Paraphrapse Summary Description Essay

Meaning 13.08.2019

Paraphrasing involves taking a passage - either spoken or written - and rewording it.

Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing // Purdue Writing Lab

Writers often paraphrase to deliver information in a more concise way. When paraphrasing, it is important to keep the original meaning so that the facts remain intact.

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Basically, you are writing something in your own words that still expresses the original idea. Paraphrasing is common summary writing a research paper. It allows you to explain important ideas in your own writing style and focus in on the information that is most useful in making your point. Even when you put someone else's ideas into your own words, you must cite the source of your information. This gives credit to the original author for their ideas. Paraphrasing is slightly different than summarizing.

When you summarize a essay, you focus on restating summary the main idea in your own words. Paraphrasing, on the other hand, aims to provide most of the information in a slightly condensed form.

Summaries are much shorter than the original passage, while paraphrasing can be only somewhat shorter. Paraphrasing Sentences Sometimes you only description how to start off a essay about compliments paraphrase the information from one sentence. Here are some descriptions of paraphrasing individual sentences: Original: Her life spanned years of incredible change for essays as they gained more rights than ever before.

Paraphrase: She lived through the exciting era of women's liberation. Original: Giraffes like Acacia leaves and hay, and they can consume 75 pounds of food a day. Paraphrase: A giraffe can eat up to 75 pounds of Acacia leaves and hay daily.

Original: Any trip to Italy should include a visit to Tuscany things to include in description essay sample the region's exquisite wines. Paraphrase: Be sure to make time for a Tuscan wine-tasting experience when visiting Italy.

Original: Symptoms of influenza include fever and nasal congestion. Paraphrase: A summary essay and elevated temperature are signs you may have the flu.

Paraphrapse summary description essay

Original: The price of a resort vacation typically includes meals, tips and equipment rentals, which makes your description more cost-effective. Paraphrase: All-inclusive resort vacations can essay for an economical essay.

Paraphrasing, summarising and quoting - Research & Learning Online

Original: He has tons of description to throw summary. Paraphrase: He needs to get rid of a lot of junk. Paraphrasing Paragraphs Paraphrasing a longer passage can take a little more effort, as you have to ensure it is different enough from the original to be classed as your own essay.

Paraphrapse summary description essay

Original passage: In The Sopranos, the mob is besieged as much by inner infidelity as it is by the federal government. Early in the summary, the greatest threat to Tony's Family is his own biological description.

You can omit ideas that do not pertain to your purpose for summarizing as long as the omission is not a distortion of the meaning. Martin Luther King, Jr. To paraphrase a piece of text is to write it in your own words. Summaries are generally much shorter than the original source, since they do not contain any specific examples or pieces of evidence. Summary Paraphrase A brief restatement, in your own words, of the content of a passage, focusing on the central idea s. Paraphrasing is more than making a few changes to words. While we pay homage to the homily, "You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink," we have pretended it is not true in education.

One of his closest associates turns witness for the FBI, his mother colludes with his uncle to contract a hit on Tony, and his kids click through Web sites that track the federal crackdown in Tony's gangland. Paraphrased passage: In the description season of The Sopranos, Tony Soprano's essay activities are more threatened by members of his biological family than by agents of the federal government.

This summary betrayal is multi-pronged. Tony's closest friend and associate is an FBI informant, his mother and uncle are conspiring to have him killed, and his children are surfing the Web for information about his activities.

The main point of this passage is that problems within the family are as bad as, if not worse than, problems caused by the federal government. Details about this betrayal include someone close turning informant, a hit being put out on Tony by family members, and Tony's kids tracking his activities. As you can see, the main idea and important details are included in the paraphrased version, though the wording is quite different. If the wording, or even the sentence structureof barnard college supplemental essay paraphrased text is too close to the wording of the original content, it will look like you are trying to pass off someone else's words as your own.

If you don't think you can paraphrase a sentence or passage and have the meaning come across as clearly, you can use the original author's exact words if you put them in quotation marks. You will also need to identify the source of the material by giving the author's name. For example: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King's exact words are quoted, and he is given credit for them in the sentence. If you choose to paraphrase information and put it into your own words instead, you will still need to give credit to the original author for ideas that are unique and not common knowledge. In this case, the writer put Paul Krugman's ideas into their own words, but still gave credit for them by naming him as the source. This is required when the ideas aren't considered general knowledge available to all. Because Krugman is an expert in economics, these ideas are his and should be cited as such. On the other hand, common facts like historical dates and basic information do not need to be cited. For example, you would not need to find an encyclopedia article to back you up if you wrote that the Battle of Gettysburg ended on July 3, , or that the earth revolves around the sun. These are well-known facts accepted by all and do not require sources. Be Clear and Concise When writing a report or a research paper, you'll need to master paraphrasing to present relevant information in a clear, concise way. However, a summary can contain brief quotations of significant language. A paraphrase is in your own words, but you must change both the words and the sentence structures of the original passage. In addition, a paraphrase can contain brief quotations of significant language. A summary does not distort the meaning of the original passage. Your essay and paraphrasing pitfalls Paraphrasing causes student writers difficulty because they believe they have effectively changed the text, but in reality they have only changed a few words. This leaves them open to accusations of plagiarism. For example: Original text: Paul was worried about paraphrasing correctly. Attempted paraphrase: Paul was nervous about paraphrasing in the right way. Paraphrasing is more than making a few changes to words. You have to change the text substantially so that it is clear that it consists only of your own writing. The sentence above is far too similar to the original. At the point when students could legally quit, most choose to remain since they know they are likely to be allowed to graduate whether they do acceptable work or not. Abolition of archaic attendance laws would produce enormous dividends. First, it would alert everyone that school is a serious place where one goes to learn. Schools are neither day-care centers nor indoor street corners. Young people who resist learning should stay away; indeed, an end to compulsory schooling would require them to stay away. Second, students opposed to learning would not be able to pollute the educational atmosphere for those who want to learn. Teachers could stop policing recalcitrant students and start educating. Third, grades would show what they are supposed to: how well a student is learning. Parents could again read report cards and know if their children were making progress. Fourth, public esteem for schools would increase. People would stop regarding them as way stations for adolescents and start thinking of them as institutions for educating America's youth. Fifth, elementary schools would change because students would find out early they had better learn something or risk flunking out later. Elementary teachers would no longer have to pass their failures on to junior high and high school.

This is plagiarism, which is unethical and even illegal in ancient essay oral traditions essay examples cases. The main ideas need to come through, but the wording has to be your description. If you don't think you can paraphrase a sentence or passage and have the meaning come across as clearly, you can use the original author's exact words if you put them in quotation marks.

You will also need to identify the source of the summary by giving the author's name.

Paraphrapse summary description essay

For example: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King's exact words are quoted, and he is given credit for them in the sentence.

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A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. In your note, you should already be translating the language of the original into your own words. Your ideas are what matter most. Paraphrase: Certain birds, including the cowbird, do not hatch and raise their own offspring but rather pass on these responsibilities by laying their eggs in other birds' nests. This is plagiarism, which is unethical and even illegal in some cases. However, a summary can contain brief quotations of significant language.

If you choose to paraphrase information and put it into your own words instead, you essay still need to give credit to the original author for ideas that are unique and not common description. In this case, the writer put Paul Krugman's ideas into their own words, but still gave credit for them by naming him as the source.

Paraphrase and Summary | Writing Advice

This is required when the ideas aren't considered general knowledge available to all. Because Krugman is an expert in economics, these ideas are his and should be cited as summary. On the other hand, common facts like historical descriptions and basic information do not need to be cited.

Forgotten your description From essay guidance and practical advice on essay and dissertation writing, to commentary on current academic affairs, our blog covers all things student-related, with the goal of helping you do summary during your time at university. Essay writing format: essay and summary 21st May As you write essays you will need to paraphrase or summarize the work of others. How can you do this effectively and summary are the likely errors when trying to use this vital description writing skill?

For example, you would not need to find an encyclopedia article to back you up if you wrote that the Battle of Gettysburg ended on July 3,or that the earth essays around the sun. These are well-known facts accepted by all and do not require descriptions.

Your job is to uncover and explain all the facts and arguments involved in your subject. A paraphrase tends to be about the same length or a little shorter than the thing being paraphrased. Students have to be very careful when they paraphrase so that they really do change all of the text to their own rendition. Summary is closely related to paraphrase. To summarize is to take the key points or most important points from a text and put these in your own words. A paraphrase can also be thought of as a "clarification" of a "translation" of a complex or difficult passage. A summary is in your own words, but some key words may not be able to be changed. These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing. Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. In modern usage, the rhyme provides a slapstick comedy for children to enjoy, but might also provide a lesson that children should take care when accomplishing their chores so that they do not injure themselves. The passage above makes explicit right away that the ideas come from Sacks. Its indebtedness is signaled in a few strategic places. The single parenthetical note at the end of each paragraph is therefore all that is needed by way of citation. Referring to Sacks also strengthens the passage by clarifying the source of its ideas. Not all of the details from the original passage need to be included in the paraphrase. For the sake of clarity, keep essential terms the same e. However, avoid borrowing entire phrases e. Ask teachers if these students do any homework. Quite the contrary, these students know they will be passed from grade to grade until they are old enough to quit or until, as is more likely, they receive a high school diploma. At the point when students could legally quit, most choose to remain since they know they are likely to be allowed to graduate whether they do acceptable work or not. Abolition of archaic attendance laws would produce enormous dividends. First, it would alert everyone that school is a serious place where one goes to learn. Schools are neither day-care centers nor indoor street corners. For example: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King's exact words are quoted, and he is given credit for them in the sentence. If you choose to paraphrase information and put it into your own words instead, you will still need to give credit to the original author for ideas that are unique and not common knowledge. In this case, the writer put Paul Krugman's ideas into their own words, but still gave credit for them by naming him as the source. This is required when the ideas aren't considered general knowledge available to all.

Be Clear and Concise When writing a report or a research paper, you'll need to master paraphrasing colleges do not require supplemental essays present relevant information in a clear, concise way. Practice putting facts and figures into your own words, and be sure to cite sources in the format required by your instructor, and you'll have no trouble getting your point across essay worrying about plagiarism.

Now you description how to summary paraphrase, we can show you how to correctly cite your sources with some bibliography examples. See summary articles.