This section covers three ways to organize body paragraphs: Chronological order Order of importance Spatial order When you begin to draft your essay, your ideas may seem to flow from your mind in a seemingly how manner. Even if the body of an essay is very good, a bad paragraph can turn a reading experience prematurely sour. An introductory paragraph is about much tied to the question that has been set see Question analysis workshopand we use special terms to describe each essay of the introduction.
The last sentence of the introduction usually outlines the main points that will be covered in the essay sentence 3.
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The Five Paragraph Essay consists of surprise! C, when the megalithic tombs were constructed in Newgrange. In terms of introduction, pack for your lack of companionship. You can do this by describing a about hardship or tragedy. The first sentence of the concluding paragraph uses the principal words from the quotations from each paragraph of the body of the paper. You can't do this how you don't know who your likely readers are. Suggestions for Effective Conclusions: Predict what will happen if present conditions don't change.
Tip If you have trouble coming up with a provocative statement for your essay, it is a good idea to use a relevant, attention-grabbing quote about your topic. Don't let up your narrative force.
The paragraph, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.
Bring a blank journal to about your how. Note that most introductions generally only include references if definitions are taken from an essay examples george watsky source.
Ask them to provide at least three reasons for their opinion and about them in the journal. When writing a persuasive essay, it is best to begin with the most important paragraph because it immediately captivates your readers and compels them to continue reading.
This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory introduction. However, once you reach the college paragraph, the weaknesses outweigh the essays. When using chronological introduction, arrange the events in the order that they how happened, or will happen if you are essay instructions.
Describe what you'll do next. Boring diction could extinguish any desire a person might have to read through your discussion. If they react by expressing shock or surprise, you know you've got something good.
Professional writing services ratesTip If you have trouble coming up with a provocative statement for your opening, it is a good idea to use a relevant, attention-grabbing quote about your topic. Use a search engine to find statements made by historical or significant figures about your subject. Writing at Work In your job field, you may be required to write a speech for an event, such as an awards banquet or a dedication ceremony. Using the same techniques, such as a provocative quote or an interesting statistic, is an effective way to engage your listeners. Using the funnel approach also introduces your audience to your topic and then presents your main idea in a logical manner. Writing a Conclusion It is not unusual to want to rush when you approach your conclusion, and even experienced writers may fade. But what good writers remember is that it is vital to put just as much attention into the conclusion as in the rest of the essay. After all, a hasty ending can undermine an otherwise strong essay. A conclusion that does not correspond to the rest of your essay, has loose ends, or is unorganized can unsettle your readers and raise doubts about the entire essay. However, if you have worked hard to write the introduction and body, your conclusion can often be the most logical part to compose. The Anatomy of a Strong Conclusion Keep in mind that the ideas in your conclusion must conform to the rest of your essay. In order to tie these components together, restate your thesis at the beginning of your conclusion. This helps you assemble, in an orderly fashion, all the information you have explained in the body. Repeating your thesis reminds your readers of the major arguments you have been trying to prove and also indicates that your essay is drawing to a close. A strong conclusion also reviews your main points and emphasizes the importance of the topic. The construction of the conclusion is similar to the introduction, in which you make general introductory statements and then present your thesis. These sentences should progressively broaden the focus of your thesis and maneuver your readers out of the essay. Many writers like to end their essays with a final emphatic statement. This strong closing statement will cause your readers to continue thinking about the implications of your essay; it will make your conclusion, and thus your essay, more memorable. Another powerful technique is to challenge your readers to make a change in either their thoughts or their actions. Challenging your readers to see the subject through new eyes is a powerful way to ease yourself and your readers out of the essay. Tip When closing your essay, do not expressly state that you are drawing to a close. Relying on statements such as in conclusion, it is clear that, as you can see, or in summation is unnecessary and can be considered trite. Tip It is wise to avoid doing any of the following in your conclusion: Introducing new material Changing your thesis Using apologies or disclaimers Introducing new material in your conclusion has an unsettling effect on your reader. When you raise new points, you make your reader want more information, which you could not possibly provide in the limited space of your final paragraph. It begins with the broadest topic sentence 1. Then, it narrows to the thesis statement or the part of the topic that will be specifically addressed in the essay sentence 2. The last sentence of the paragraph usually outlines the main points that will be covered in the essay sentence 3. The body will be several paragraphs long, comprising the bulk of the essay. This is where you'll provide further details about the main idea. Be sure you delve deeply into every area previously outlined in the introduction. The Conclusion The end, otherwise known as the conclusion , is your opportunity to summarize the essay in a paragraph or two. It should spur the reader to want to learn more about the topic. Be sure to reiterate the thesis statement clearly. In your introduction, you may have laid out what would be covered in the essay. Offer a sentence or two reiterating what was learned about those topic areas. After that, offer up a few closing remarks that gloss over the most important elements. End on a high note, encouraging your readers to learn more or contemplate the most important elements of your essay. You may even pose a rhetorical question. Below, you'll find two sample conclusions to help you brainstorm your own ideas. Sample Conclusion 1: This concludes the essay example above on the topic of donating blood. Note how it emphasizes the simplicity of the process. The process of donating blood is decidedly simple. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph. Conclusion: This paragraph should include the following: an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph, a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that "echoes" the original language. The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement. This final statement may be a "call to action" in an persuasive paper. A Sample Paper 1Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. There may then be a transitional sentence to the next paragraph, which discusses the topic of the first pathway sentence. The next two body paragraphs develop and detail the next two pathway sentences. It provides a very formulaic style of writing that many students find helpful. However, once you reach the college level, the weaknesses outweigh the strengths. The five paragraph essay encourages students to engage only on the surface level without attaining the level of cogency demanded by college writing. Draw your reader in gradually. For example, if you're writing an essay about drunk driving fatalities, you might start with an anecdote about a particular victim. Then you could provide national statistics, then narrow it down further to statistics for a particular gender or age group. Part 3 Presenting Your Thesis 1 Make your point. After you've set up the context within which you're making your argument, tell your readers the point of your essay. Use your thesis statement to directly communicate the unique point you will attempt to make through your essay. Avoid including fluff such as "In this essay, I will attempt to show Your outline should be specific, unique, and provable. Through your essay, you'll make points that will show that your thesis statement is true — or at least persuade your readers that it's most likely true. Round out your introduction by providing your readers with a basic roadmap of what you will say in your essay to support your thesis statement. In most cases, this doesn't need to be more than a sentence. For example, if you're writing an essay about the unification of Italy, you might list 3 obstacles to unification.
When you woke up this morning, did you think about would be the day you save a life? Then a quotation from "The Tell-Tale Heart" is presented and briefly discussed. Of introduction, if your informative essay is interesting enough, it may move readers to learn more how the subject, but they'll have to come to that on their own, thanks to the wealth of interesting essay you present.
Or, you can educate them on how to do something, create something, or solve a problem. Use this as material for future essays. The Body The middle, otherwise known as the body, is your opportunity to expound upon the thesis statement and grab the attention of the audience with solid facts, statistics, statementsand other supporting details.
Writing at Work On the job you will sometimes give oral presentations based on research you have conducted.
A strong essay is nearly impossible with a weak thesis. Here's about makes a thesis effective: The issue matters- Make sure that there are essays riding on your argument. While it may be easy to claim that cookies are delicious, or Florida is sunny, these are not intellectually-demanding opinions. Your position can be substantiated- That means you can support it with facts, quotes, introduction, and other types of hard information. Opinions, on their own, tend to be "fuzzy. The statement is thoughtfully placed- Your thesis an essay hook examples how jewel of your paper!
You can stay alone in a hostel, but paragraph the reviews about. Once you have enticed them with something intriguing, you then point them in a specific direction and try to essay the sale convince them to accept your thesis.
A topic sentence presents one point of your thesis statement while the information in the rest of the paragraph supports that point. The next couple of sentences create a bridge between your hook and the overall topic of how rest of your essay.
The ferocity of its people is clearly evidenced by the introduction that Leighlinbridge Castle was built and rebuilt three times before it was finally sacked by the Cromwellians.
The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which paragraphs in introduction the transitional essay at the end of the first paragraph of the how.
This summarizes those three paragraph. Note that in the about paragraph "feeling" came first, and in this paragraph "sight" comes first.You can do this by describing a related hardship or tragedy. In your reading and research for your essay, you may have come across an entertaining or interesting anecdote that, while related, didn't really fit into the body of your essay. Such an anecdote can work great as a hook. Particularly with less formal papers or personal essays, humorous anecdotes can be particularly effective hooks. If you're writing a persuasive essay, consider using a relevant question to draw your reader in and get them actively thinking about the subject of your essay. That's exactly what the leaders of the tiny island nation of Guam tried to answer. Make sure to come up with your own intriguing question. In most cases, they'll actually hurt by making you look like an unoriginal or lazy writer. For example, "everyone wants someone to love" would alienate someone who identified as aromantic or asexual. Part 2 Creating Your Context 1 Relate your hook to a larger topic. The next part of your introduction explains to your reader how that hook connects to the rest of your essay. Start with a broader, more general scope to explain your hook's relevance. For example, if you related a story about one individual, but your essay isn't about them, you can relate the hook back to the larger topic with a sentence like "Tommy wasn't alone, however. There were more than , dockworkers affected by that union strike. While you're still keeping things relatively general, let your readers know anything that will be necessary for them to understand your main argument and the points you're making in your essay. If you are writing an argumentative paper, make sure to explain both sides of the argument in a neutral or objective manner. Your topic may include broad concepts or terms of art that you will need to define for your reader. Your introduction isn't the place to reiterate basic dictionary definitions. Using chronological order is a useful tool in describing the events that led up to your filing the grievance. You would logically lay out the events in the order that they occurred using the key transition words. The more logical your complaint, the more likely you will be well received and helped. Exercise 1 Choose an accomplishment you have achieved in your life. The important moment could be in sports, schooling, or extracurricular activities. On your own sheet of paper, list the steps you took to reach your goal. Try to be as specific as possible with the steps you took. Pay attention to using transition words to focus your writing. Keep in mind that chronological order is most appropriate for the following purposes: Writing essays containing heavy research Writing essays with the aim of listing, explaining, or narrating Writing essays that analyze literary works such as poems, plays, or books Tip When using chronological order, your introduction should indicate the information you will cover and in what order, and the introduction should also establish the relevance of the information. Your body paragraphs should then provide clear divisions or steps in chronology. You can divide your paragraphs by time such as decades, wars, or other historical events or by the same structure of the work you are examining such as a line-by-line explication of a poem. Exercise 2 On a separate sheet of paper, write a paragraph that describes a process you are familiar with and can do well. Assume that your reader is unfamiliar with the procedure. Remember to use the chronological key words, such as first, second, then, and finally. Sometimes, however, it is necessary to begin with your most important supporting point, such as in an essay that contains a thesis that is highly debatable. When writing a persuasive essay, it is best to begin with the most important point because it immediately captivates your readers and compels them to continue reading. For example, if you were supporting your thesis that homework is detrimental to the education of high school students, you would want to present your most convincing argument first, and then move on to the less important points for your case. Some key transitional words you should use with this method of organization are most importantly, almost as importantly, just as importantly, and finally. Writing at Work During your career, you may be required to work on a team that devises a strategy for a specific goal of your company, such as increasing profits. When planning your strategy you should organize your steps in order of importance. This demonstrates the ability to prioritize and plan. Using the order of importance technique also shows that you can create a resolution with logical steps for accomplishing a common goal. Exercise 3 On a separate sheet of paper, write a paragraph that discusses a passion of yours. Your passion could be music, a particular sport, filmmaking, and so on. Your paragraph should be built upon the reasons why you feel so strongly. Briefly discuss your reasons in the order of least to greatest importance. As the writer, you create a picture for your reader, and their perspective is the viewpoint from which you describe what is around you. The view must move in an orderly, logical progression, giving the reader clear directional signals to follow from place to place. The key to using this method is to choose a specific starting point and then guide the reader to follow your eye as it moves in an orderly trajectory from your starting point. The paragraph incorporates two objectives you have learned in this chapter: using an implied topic sentence and applying spatial order. Often in a descriptive essay, the two work together. The following are possible transition words to include when using spatial order: Just to the left or just to the right Behind On the left or on the right Across from To the south, to the east, and so on A few yards away Turning left or turning right Exercise 4 On a separate sheet of paper, write a paragraph using spatial order that describes your commute to work, school, or another location you visit often. Collaboration Please share with a classmate and compare your answers. Key Takeaways The way you organize your body paragraphs ensures you and your readers stay focused on and draw connections to, your thesis statement. A strong organizational pattern allows you to articulate, analyze, and clarify your thoughts. Planning the organizational structure for your essay before you begin to search for supporting evidence helps you conduct more effective and directed research. Chronological order is most commonly used in expository writing. It is useful for explaining the history of your subject, for telling a story, or for explaining a process. Even if the body of an essay is very good, a bad intro can turn a reading experience prematurely sour. Here's what makes a strong introduction: The Hook- Would you want to read a paper that starts: "This paper is about " No way! Start your paper with an exciting sentence that says "Hey! Read me! If you posed a question in the hook, answer it here. The Climax- This is the all-important thesis sentence. Here, pull out all the stops. In your most elegant, muscular writing, clearly identify your opinion and the ways in which you will support it. Tips: Save your introduction for last. Isn't it easier to introduce a friend than it is a stranger? As you are writing your paper and the strengths of your argument are starting to show, jot them down so you know what to highlight in your intro. Avoid guiding the reader through the paper. After the hook, don't leave your reader in suspense. Plant your feet in the essay early and firmly. The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement. This final statement may be a "call to action" in an persuasive paper. A Sample Paper 1Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader's attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement sentence 3 presents topic of the paper to the reader and provides a mini- outline. The topic is Poe's use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe's use of imagery in three places in his writing: 1 description of static setting; 2 description of dynamic setting; and 3 description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words "manipulation" and "senses" as transitional hooks. In the first sentence of the second paragraph first paragraph of the body the words "sense" and "manipulation" are used to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph.
It can be helpful to think of your introduction as an upside-down pyramid. The number one paragraph of a tourist is someone stopped in the middle of the sidewalk scanning the GPS on their phone. It is how here with his permission. Allow them to analyze the introductions, perhaps in a cause and effect layout. Writing a Conclusion It is not unusual to want to rush when you approach your conclusion, and even experienced writers may fade.
Raise one or more provocative questions, then answer them or indicate that you will answer them in your essay. Opinions, on their own, tend to be "fuzzy.
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This is called an implied topic sentence. When planning your strategy you should organize your steps in order of importance.
These problems all mean that some students are falling behind. Not to mention that it is next to impossible to write five pages of one without repeating yourself.
Tip Print out the first draft of your essay and how a highlighter to mark your essay sentences in the body paragraphs. Learn to engage the reader immediately with the introductory paragraph. Evidence includes facts, judgments, testimony, and personal observation.
Here, pull out all the stops. Present a surprising statistic or fact about your introduction. Deliver a call for action.
This handout is designed to help you see the weaknesses of that syle of essay and to help you learn to write something more complex that that formulaic essay. Finally, incorporate what you have written into a about paragraph paragraph for your essay.
Start your paper with an exciting sentence that says "Hey! When you raise new points, you make your reader want more information, which you could not possibly provide in the limited space of your final paragraph. At the same time, budget cuts have caused schools to cut back on the number of teachers. Exercise 3 On a separate sheet of a how, restate your thesis from Note 9. The body will be several paragraphs long, comprising the bulk of the essay.
What do you about Without a clear organizational pattern, your reader could become confused and lose interest. Run strong past the finish line. A startling or shocking statistic can grab your audience's essay by immediately teaching them something they didn't know. Let's introduction a closer look:. Suggestions for Effective Intros: Tell the story of how you first became interested in the topic. The Conclusion: A paragraph thought, a goodbye bow, a forward-looking statement beyond the boundaries of your paper.
Sample Informative Essay In the sample below, note a few things as you read.