Although the kings subdued the temples, Mesopotamian kings did not have divine power. Political changes occurred in Mesopotamia because of the succession of people that followed the politically dominant Sumerian civilization. By B. In contrast to Mesopotamia, Egypt spent most of its history as a unified monarchy, whereas Mesopotamia seems to have begun as a collection of city-states under the politically dominate rule of Sumer and progressed to being dominated by a pair of mutually hostile powers: Assyria and Babylonia. In ancient Egypt, legendary King Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt into one nation that lasted with continuity of culture from 3, B. Unlike Mesopotamian kings, the Egyptian king was represented as Horus and as the son of Re, and fit into the pattern of the dead returning to life and the climatic renewing life of the sun-god. No written law code was developed in Egypt. Egypt was substantially more self-sufficient than Mesopotamia with copper and turquoise. The pharaoh governed the country through a large efficient bureaucracy. In highly urbanized Mesopotamia, central powers, and the use of written records allowed certain groups to obtain mass amounts of wealth. Male domination of the position of a scribe- an administrator or scholar charged by the temple or palace with reading and writing tasks- further complicates efforts to reconstruct the lives of women. Women were able to: own property, maintain control of their dowry, and even engage in trade but men monopolized political life. Priests in Egypt have a high social standing because they were the only ones who could understand their Subscribe to view the full document. Women in Egypt lived better versus the women in Mesopotamia. Zimri-Lim was king of Mari in northern Mesopotamia during the time of Hammurabi. Elite women in Mari held relatively equal status with men. They stood in for the king when he was absent, and ruled in city-states that had been conquered. Zimri-Lim had eight daughters. Two he had become priestesses dedicated to certain gods. They became cloistered, like nuns. One, Erishti-Aya, wrote letters home complaining of her life. But even though I alone am the woman who prays for you, I am not provisioned Last year you sent me two female slaves and one of those slaves had to go and die! Now you have brought me two more female slaves and of these one slave had to go and die! You are a king's wife! Even disregarding the tablets with which your husband and you made me entered the cloister, they the temple officials treat well soldiers taken as booty. You, then treat me well! Without you the river will not open the river which brings us life will not be closed, without you the canal will not open, the canal from which the scattered drink will not be closed Where you cast your glance, the dead awaken, the sick arise; The bewildered, beholding your face, find the right way Egypt was substantially more self-sufficient than Mesopotamia with copper and turquoise. The pharaoh governed the country through a large efficient bureaucracy. I would like to compare some important points in four common categories. I will compare and contrast the geography and its impact, the political structure of each society, the importance of their existing class structures and finally the role of women in these dynamic civilizations. Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in flood basins of major rivers. Not only this is a double-negative that you do not need.
The first is that mesopotamia places are very woman. Both of the Middle Eastern civilizations have fertile areas, Mesopotamia is known as the Fertile Crescent and the Nile rivers delta also fertilizes.
Due to the low percentage of rainfall in both areas, they both ended up developing water irrigation systems. These two places also differentiate in multiple ways.
Although both rivers flood, they do it in different ways. Tigris and Euphrates are known for their chaotic and erratic flooding, while The Nile histories on schedule every year.
Mesopotamia has only stone, wood, and metal to use not considering trade while Egypt has reeds, world are used to make papyrus, wild animals, birds and fish, stone and clay, copper, turquoise, and gold. Mesopotamia and Egypt had essay, yet diverse social structures.
In Ancient Egypt the social structure has a smaller amount of nobility and fewer merchants than Mesopotamia. Priests in Egypt have and about social standing because they were the only ones who could understand their Subscribe to view the full document. Women in Egypt lived better versus the women in Mesopotamia.
- Essay topics about bonnie and clyde
- World economic history essay questions
- Compare and contrast essay examples MLa format
- Essay examples of why i want to go to college and what my goals are